- See also Planeswalker (book).
Planeswalkers are among the most powerful beings in the multiverse, and are the thematic identities of the players of the game. Planeswalkers can be born at random in any sapient species, with no outward signs of their latent power. However, there is an incredibly remote chance that any given sentient, natural being will be born with a planeswalker's spark. When that being is put through a period of extreme stress—in many cases death—the spark can trigger, causing the individual to ascend and become a planeswalker. Within the game, each player is supposed to be a planeswalker, which is a point emphasized in the current marketing strategy (for example the intro packs' description refers to your opponents as such). This concept originated from the Alpha rule book.
Card type[edit | edit source]
Planeswalkers enter the battlefield with a set number of loyalty counters, printed in the lower right of the card. A planeswalker can be attacked, like a player, or be dealt damage by an opponent redirecting the damage one of his or her spells would deal to the player controlling the planeswalker. Damage dealt to a planeswalker removes that many loyalty counters and a Planeswalker with no loyalty counters is put into the graveyard.
Planeswalkers usually have three abilities: one ability that adds loyalty counters as a cost for a small benefit, one that removes a small amount of counters as a cost for a larger effect, and one that removes a large number of loyalty counters for a big effect. The last effect is commonly referred to as the Planeswalker's Ultimate ability and usually leaves the opponent in a devastated state. The starting loyalty of a Planeswalker is commonly significantly lower than the cost of the Ultimate and a player has to build up the loyalty to access the Ultimate.
Rules[edit | edit source]
Rulings[edit | edit source]
- Planeswalkers are permanents. You can cast one at the time you could cast a sorcery. When your planeswalker spell resolves, it enters the battlefield under your control.
- Planeswalkers are not creatures. Spells and abilities that affect creatures won't affect them.
- If two or more planeswalkers controlled by a player share a subtype (such as "Jace"), the controller chooses one among of them, and puts the rest into their owners' graveyards as a state-based action.
- Prior to Magic 2014, when two or more planeswalkers that share a subtype are on the battlefield, they're all put into their owners' graveyards. (The similar "Legend rule" was also changed in Magic 2014)
- Although the two rules are similar, the "legend rule" and the "Planeswalker uniqueness rule" affect different kinds of permanents. You can control Liliana, Heretical Healer and Liliana, Defiant Necromancer at the same time. However, if Liliana, Heretical Healer is exiled and enters the battlefield transformed, you'll then control two planeswalkers with the same subtype. One will be put into the graveyard. 
- Planeswalkers have loyalty. A planeswalker enters the battlefield with a number of loyalty counters on it equal to the number printed in its lower right corner. Activating one of its abilities may cause it to gain or lose loyalty counters. Damage dealt to a planeswalker causes that many loyalty counters to be removed from it. If it has no loyalty, it's put into its owner's graveyard as a state-based action.
- Planeswalkers each have a number of activated abilities called "loyalty abilities." You can activate a loyalty ability of a planeswalker you control only at the time you could cast a sorcery and only if you haven't activated one of that planeswalker's loyalty abilities yet that turn.
- The cost to activate a planeswalker's loyalty ability is represented by an arrow with a number inside. Up-arrows contain positive numbers, such as "+1"; this means "Put one loyalty counter on this planeswalker." Down-arrows contain negative numbers, such as "-7"; this means "Remove seven loyalty counters from this planeswalker." You can't activate a planeswalker's ability with a negative loyalty cost unless the planeswalker has at least that many loyalty counters on it.
- Planeswalkers can't attack (unless an effect such as the one from Gideon Jura's third ability turns the planeswalker into a creature). However, they can be attacked. Each of your attacking creatures can attack your opponent or a planeswalker that player controls. You say which as you declare attackers.
- If your planeswalkers are being attacked, you can block the attackers as normal.
- If a creature that's attacking a planeswalker isn't blocked, it'll deal its combat damage to that planeswalker. Damage dealt to a planeswalker causes that many loyalty counters to be removed from it.
- If a source you control would deal noncombat damage to an opponent, you may have that source deal that damage to a planeswalker that opponent controls instead. For example, although you can't target a planeswalker with Shock, you can target your opponent with Shock, and then as Shock resolves, choose to have Shock deal its 2 damage to one of your opponent's planeswalkers. (You can't split up that damage between different players and/or planeswalkers.) If you have Shock deal its damage to a planeswalker, two loyalty counters are removed from it.
Trivia[edit | edit source]
- There are 24 multicolored planeswalkers.
- There are 2 colorless planeswalkers.
- There has been at least one printed planeswalker for each of the two colored pairs.
- Only three planeswalkers have been printed with a color identity of three colors: Sarkhan, Tamiyo and Nicol Bolas. In addition, Ajani has been associated with three colors, but not at the same time, and Sarkhan has an association with four colors across all his cards.
- Jace, the Mind Sculptor and Garruk, Apex Predator are the only planeswalkers with 4 loyalty abilities. All others have 3, with the exceptions of Garruk Relentless, who has a total of five loyalty abilities or six abilities of any kind, counting the back side Garruk the Veil-Cursed, and Arlinn Kord, who has a total of 5; two on her human side and 3 on her transformed side.
- Planeswalker was featured as rules cards 1-3 of 5 in the Lorwyn set and 1 of 9 in the Magic 2011 set.
- All Planeswalkers are in the Mythic Rare rarity, except for Ajani Goldmane, Jace Beleren, Liliana Vess, Chandra Nalaar, and Garruk Wildspeaker, due to their debut in the Lorwyn block, while the Mythic Rare rarity was not introduced until the following set, Shards of Alara.
- Karn, Narset, Nicol Bolas, Ob Nixilis, Teferi, Venser, and Xenagos have all been printed as both planeswalker cards and legendary creature cards, and Gideon, Jace, Liliana, Chandra, and Nissa have all been printed as double-faced cards that are legendary creatures on one side and planeswalkers on the other.
Most unique planeswalker cards[edit | edit source]
Some characters are favored more than others, usually resulting in a higher amount of unique cards of them.
- 7 cards: Jace
- 6 cards: Chandra
- 5 cards: Ajani, Liliana,and Garruk (Garruk Relentless notably is a double-faced card, with both sides being planeswalkers; in this case, it is still considered one card.)
- 4 cards: Gideon, Nissa, Sorin, and Sarkhan
- 3 cards: Elspeth
Loyalty counters[edit | edit source]
- Sarkhan the Mad and Ugin, the Spirit Dragon have the most loyalty counters (7) when they come onto the battlefield.
- Nissa Revane, Tibalt, the Fiend-Blooded and Kiora, the Crashing Wave have the fewest loyalty counters (2) when they come onto the battlefield.
Storyline[edit | edit source]
The defining trait of planeswalkers is the ability to travel between separate universes with ease, while the vast majority of people throughout the multiverse are not even aware that other worlds beside their own exist. Planeswalking is a form of magic. With enough time and mana, or with specialized spell knowledge, or with access to enormous power, it's possible for a planeswalker to transfer clothing, artifacts and/or creatures with him as he planeswalks. 
A planeswalker is specifically a being who possesses a planeswalker's spark. The planeswalker spark is more or less a one-in-a-million thing in sentient beings, and having it ignite is even rarer.  There are other beings who, through various means, are able to travel between planes, but those are not technically considered planeswalkers (Marit Lage, the Eldrazi and the Myojin of Night's Reach are the best-known examples). Many prerevisionist characters were referred to as planeswalkers but may not technically have been; without any further information, they remain subject to debate.
Traditional planeswalkers[edit | edit source]
Planeswalkers had incredible magical capabilities, surpassing all but the most powerful mortal wizards. Their lives could last indefinitely, and their physical forms were matters of will as they were energy projections of a center of consciousness. Through intense effort, planeswalkers could create their own artificial planes. Because of planeswalkers' prolonged life spans and immense power, some are worshipped as gods; many end up insane, or, at the very least, they come to regard the lives of mortals in low-esteem, if even at all.
Current planeswalkers[edit | edit source]
The new breed of planeswalkers no longer display the near-omnipotence of their predecessors. While they are usually powerful mages, they are still physical beings that in general age normally, can be harmed, and need the same sustenance as other mortals. This is in stark contrast to the earlier planeswalkers. Some of them have managed to suppress or avoid some of these limitation by magical means; however, these are specific to each planeswalker.
The new breed manifested itself for the first time in Venser of Urborg, a Dominarian artificer who participated in the solution of the Dominarian temporal crisis. Teferi's first theory was that the rifts mutated Venser's spark, which affected his ascension.
The new breed was born during the Mending, when Jeska sacrificed her life and her spark to mend all temporal rifts in the Multiverse (doing so in such a great scale was probably enabled by her former existence as Karona, the embodiment of Dominarian magic, and the fact that Dominaria is the Nexus of the Multiverse). The Mending caused a change in the very rules of Multiverse and a change in the nature of the planeswalker sparks.
Reasons for change[edit | edit source]
Pivotal for the Mending was the creative team's long-standing wish to make planeswalkers more identifiable. Toning them down provided a solution that also cleared the ways for the new Planeswalker card type. This in turn allowed planeswalkers to be not only the focus of the storyline but also of brand identity.
Reception[edit | edit source]
As with most changes, the reactions were mixed. Some deemed it unnecessary to kill off existing characters, arguing that they could have been altered to fit the new approach. Others felt that diminishing their powers made the characters less interesting. Additional criticism was directed at the way the Mending was handled in the Time Spiral Cycle. An open letter was written to Brady Dommermuth that summarizes these viewpoints on Phyrexia.com.
Discussions on differences between the old and new planeswalkers spawned many (sometimes malicious) names for the latter type, generally to make them easier to refer to, but also to show how much they differ from the original ones. Among the most popular are "neowalkers", from Greek neos ("new"), and "Bradywalkers", named after Brady Dommermuth, creative director.
Subtypes[edit | edit source]
Planeswalker Commanders[edit | edit source]
As from Commander 2014, some planeswalkers (some pre-Mending and no longer involved in the story arc, others active neowalkers or non-planeswalker characters) are now represented as Planeswalkers that can be used as commanders. 5 of these were printed in Commander 2014, their subtypes being Daretti, Freyalise, Nahiri, Nixilis, and Teferi.
References[edit | edit source]
- Magic Arcana. (June 10, 2009.) “What's That Symbol?”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- John Carter. (December 25, 2004.) “The Original Magic Rulebook”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- Mark Rosewater. (November 05, 2007.) “Planeswalk on the Wild Side, Part I”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- Mark Rosewater. (November 12, 2007.) “Planeswalk on the Wild Side, Part II”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- Mark Rosewater. (August 05, 2013.) “Twenty Things That Were Going To Kill Magic”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- Mark Rosewater. (September 3, 2007.) "Planeswalker Rules. Planeswalking the Walk", magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast. (Internet Archive snapshot)
- Doug Beyer. (September 10, 2007.) “The Era of the Planeswalker”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- Matt Tabak. (June 22, 2015.) “Magic Origins Mechanics Article”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- Doug Beyer. (December 12, 2007.) “Goodies from the Mailbag”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- Doug Beyer. (June 24, 2009.) “Odd Job”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- Matt Cavotta. (September 06, 2007.) “The Last Quack”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- Squeeman. (June 26, 2007.) Dear Brady Dommermuth
[edit | edit source]
- Brady Dommermuth. (August 16, 2007.) "You Are a Planeswalker", magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast. (Internet Archive snapshot)
- Erik Lauer. (October 19, 2007.) “Playtesting Planeswalkers”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- Wizards of the Coast. (October 22, 2007.) “Planeswalker Enchantment Art”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- Devin Low. (October 26, 2007.) “The Nineteen Principles for Developing Planeswalkers”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- Doug Beyer. (October 24, 2007.) “Planeswalkers Unmasked”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- Doug Beyer. (June 04, 2008.) “Planeswalkers and the Written Page”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- Wizards of the Coast. (July 25, 2008.) “You Are a Planeswalker”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- Tom LaPille. (January 09, 2009.) “To Kill a Planeswalker”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- Doug Beyer. (March 18, 2009.) “Planeswalking into Conflict”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- "A Planeswalker's Primer for Conflux: Planeswalkers" — YouTube
- Doug Beyer. (May 19, 2010.) “Planeswalker Potpourri”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- Adam Lee. (August 25, 2010.) “Slime, Trials, and the Inner Garruk”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- Doug Beyer. (August 03, 2011.) “The Bloodthirsty Chef”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- Doug Beyer. (November 09, 2011.) “Six Ways to Fail at Creative Endeavors”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.
- Doug Beyer. (June 17, 2014.) “Checking in on the Planeswalkers”, magicthegathering.com, Wizards of the Coast.